Sense out of uncertainty, HR without borders

Welcome to the World’s leading organisation for multinational employers.

Many global employers belong to FedEE because we provide one-stop practical assistance in key areas of management concern. We offer a host of shared services, as well as time/cost saving customised solutions.  One FedEE Member put it this way.

“I do not have the time to brief outsiders and start worrying about professional fees before I can get a job done. I just need someone I can trust who will give me an honest second opinion and help me sort things out so that I can move onto other things. My company cannot carry all the expertise about international HR laws and practices it needs in-house – so the next best thing is FedEE. You have no equal and those who do not know about you do not know what they are missing.”

〠 FedEE Remote Working Project:  We are currently undertaking an in-depth analysis of remote working laws and HR practice around the globe

〠 Indian Labour Codes: Four new codes have now replaced over 40 previous laws. FedEE now offers details of all new provisions.

〠 Post-pandemic HR World:  So what are the key things you need to think about now? What will be the barriers faced and what kind of world will it be like? Start your journey here.

〠 Posting Workers: This revised EU Directive has huge implications for multinational employers. FedEE has the most detailed guide available on how to comply with it.


International HR Answers in Seconds

FedEE is designed to provide a “right hand” professional support service to those in multinational HR departments.

We focus on key developments so you can get on with your core day-to-day activities. You do not need a legal database containing 1000s of new laws and court cases to read every day, nor do you have the time to wait for a call-back from a law firm –  but you do need to know if your company faces a new employer obligation in a particular country, if a key deadline is coming up on the radar, or how to resolve a difficult employee problem in real-time.

FedEE also produces news reports you would never receive from any other source. This is partly because we monitor changes in over 30 languages. We also have a tiered support system so that if you need to know more, you may go to our online knowledgebase, or simply call our multinational helpline. 85% of helpline enquiries are resolved within two hours, after just one direct call to an Advisor. Our service is also multi-user – so several colleagues may access it in their own right. Few lawyers have hands on HR experience and so their guidance is often rigid, obscure and off the mark. We go beyond the law and aim at finding practical, management solutions that stick and make good economic sense.

You could probably secure a near alternative to FedEE by hiring a talented HR professional with years of working in many jurisdictions and industry sectors, then by arming them with numerous costly online legal database subscriptions – or you could simply sign up to FedEE – at 2-3% the cost. That is perhaps why many HR departments around the World have relied on FedEE for over two decades.


☞ A recent landmark court decision in Malaysia has been the first to challenge the country’s Islamic laws concerning sexual orientation. 

How many US States now ban the use of non-compete clauses and which is the latest?

Pawa-hara laws just coming into effect in Japan are going to make life very difficult for conventional employers.

☞ Do you know the occupational groups given special entry requirements this year under different country points systems? 

☞ Why can a company not unilaterally terminate an employment contract right now in Turkey?

☞ It is now an offence to “mob” or harass a colleague at work in Italy, even after just a single instance

☞ What is the position of employees stranded in countries – whose visas have expired?

☞ What are the HR data retention periods around the World?

☞ May an employer force an employee to take annual leave? 

FedEE Flag Pic

The FedEE Story

FedEE was founded in June 1988 at a meeting of HR Directors at BP PLC’s Head Office in London. It was supported initially by the European Commission

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FedEE Services

FedEE offers a range of “must have” services to the individual Multinational employer.

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FedEE’s International HR Policy Updating Service, tackling those neglected handbooks.

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FedEE’s frightening analysis concerning prospects for a post-pandemic World.

The future of work

Maintaining company pay freedom

Unless EU employers do something soon they will all be locked into collective bargaining and have to face up to unions that have been given a huge new lease of life by the European Commission. This is not “crying wolf”, but a reality under current EU proposals.

For the last 20 years FedEE has been seeking to make the European Union institutions stick to Article 153 (5) of their own Treaty and not meddle in pay. They have no powers to do so – but MEPS and Officials keep knowingly ignoring their own Treaty obligations.

Now the Commission wants to impose a minimum wage system across EU Member States which is entirely determined by collective bargaining. Once around the table, however, unions will not stop there – and will want to spread their scope for negotiation to all levels in a company. This is in spite of unionization progressively declining across the EU and being as low as 8% in some EU countries. Moreover, sectoral and national CBAs are wage cartels and should be treated as such.

Although the minimum wage is a critical safeguard, the petty politics of collective bargaining is not the way to achieve it and the European Union has no legitimate role to play in this field. 


  • Not all EU States – such as Austria, Finland and Italy – currently operate a national minimum wage.
  • Article 153 (5) of the EU Treaty excludes any powers in respect to pay from the scope of the European Union.
  • The European Commission has long wanted to take greater control of the wage and salary market.
  • The Commission has ignored in the past the EU Treaty by introducing pay-related elements in Directives. Only FedEE has opposed them.
  • The Commision began this year to consult “social partners” about an EU Minimum Wage Directive. 
  • The Commission’s current proposals are to ensure that collective bargaining is central to the new wage system. 
  • To sidestep the Treaty problem (and FedEE) the Commission wants to draw up an agreement on Article 155. This will do nothing to remove Article 153 (5).
  • If allowed to go ahead, the Commission’s  proposal will impose collective bargaining on employers in each Member State.
  • Spain is also imposing new requirements on employers under their equal pay legislation. This means that employers will be forced into consultation with trade unions like the militant CCOO union.
  • If your company opposes these moves – join FedEE.

Services Tailored for You

Your Employment Law Questions Answered – Practically and Fast

If a quick check of the FedEE Knowledgebase does not come up with all the details you are looking for then the FedEE legal helpline is just a phone call, or email message, away. We seek to answer all email questions raised within four working hours. In fact, over 90% of telephone enquiries about our core 35 countries are resolved during a 15-minute call.

Updating Your HR Policies to Comply with Statutes and Rulings

The most constant lament that arises in our periodic member surveys concerns the updating of HR policies. If a policy is out of date, and thus at variance with the law, or phrased in an ambiguous way a company can find itself being challenged by employees with whom they are in dispute, an ex-employee or a factory inspector. All policies should therefore ideally be reviewed on an annual basis. FedEE offers a policy review service called “Persolicy” that could be just for one policy in a single jurisdiction, a complete handbook or for multiple countries. This service is at a fraction of the cost charged by a conventional law firm.

Let FII-Legal provide you with the employment law assistance you need during the current crisis

FII-Legal is an independent spin off from the Federation and can offer expert advice, information and support at a fraction the cost – and many times the speed – you would be charged by an old-style legal firm. Our expertise is also based on a depth of international HR experience and is led by a former Advisor to The European Commission and the ICO who also has a track record in mining, electronics and engineering.  We cover over 120+ country jurisdictions, plus federal laws, from a single international centre. FII-Legal is also open to non-members of the Federation. So call us today on (+1) 857 576 8452 or email

Ask FII-Global’s legal research team to undertake an investigation into a difficult legal challenge, or brief you on a particular jurisdiction

We have undertaken numerous customised research exercises for major companies to assess the best jurisdiction and labour market for expansion into Eastern Europe, restructure the business as a Societas Europea (SE), or set out all the steps necessary for a major transfer of undertakings. We specialise in M&A HR legal strategy – and in 2019 we were a key player in one of the largest mergers in recent times.

Becoming a multinational for the first time? Let FedEE help reduce the delays and risks

During the last ten years the average size of multinationals has fallen from over 5000 employees to just 700 employees and many start to become multinational – especially in the service sector – when they have fewer than 100 employees.

Membership of FedEE will be an invaluable aid to successful growth in other countries. Not only can we show you how to avoid the legal pitfalls, but can put you in touch with local service providers and provide statistics to help you assess things like the size and nature of local labour markets.

We can also help you turn your HR services around – both to deal with global emergencies, such as those created by the coronavirus pandemic, but also put in place an HR Recovery Plan. We estimate the recovery in advanced economies outside China will begin by late July 2020. It may also, ironically, remove the threat of a recession by the end of 2020 – as demand bounces back with a new dynamic.

Global News

Advanced Diploma in Multjurisdictional Employment Law

The FedEE Academy

FedEE’s Advanced Diploma in Multijurisdictional Employment Law (AdvDip MELL) which has been offered by our Academy since 2018, has now been relaunched. The programme is designed to train a new breed of HR professional – the key individual in a multinational HR department responsible for monitoring developments in employment law across national borders, advising how to handle HR policy issues, briefing external lawyers and dealing directly with HR legal problems. The holder of the Advanced Diploma therefore also carries the exclusive trade-marked title of “QP-HR Counsel“.

We now offer this programme through distance learning and in a form which allows it to be completed over twelve months, whilst holding down a busy HR role. The data learned is kept constantly up to date and so can be of immediate practical use. Each participant has their own personal Tutor and there is no requirement to submit lengthy work assignments. There are today a growing number of graduates of the programme, many gaining their credentials with distinction or merit.

Although the full programme consists of 25 modules – all is not lost if completion proves to be too much because of domestic or work commitments. Provided that a participant completes 13 modules, they may still gain a Study Certificate.

In order to qualify for the Course, it will normally be necessary to be a University graduate in Human Resource Management, the Law, Economics, Business or a Social Science and have held a position as an HR professional or manager at a multinational organisation with 50+ employees for at least 12 months. Another professional qualification, or affiliation, will be an advantage, but not necessary. If your degree is in another subject, then the necessary relevant work experience will be at least five years.

Signing up to the programme is easily achieved. Simply complete this application form and submit it to the FedEE Academy. Within 48 hours you will be informed if you have been accepted onto the programme. If you have, and work for a FedEE Member company, you will be sent a welcoming letter, an invoice for the course fee, Volume one of the Course Handbook and assigned a Personal Tutor. It will then be possible to commence immediately and the Course Director will contact you within 10 days to ensure that you make a good start to your studies. 

If not working for a FedEE Member organisation it will only be possible to commence once the Course fee has been paid – either by bank transfer or credit card.

For further details, please contact the Programme Director on

Publications and press reports from FedEE correspondents

Press Releases and Newswires


White papers

FedEE Member companies gain access to a wealth of information and guidance.


Press Releases

Examples of past press releases distributed to media, newspapers and agencies. 


Past Newswires

Examples of our fortnightly newswires sent to all FedEE Member organizations.

Travel Alerts

  • CHINA: Expect sand and dust pollution in parts of Xinjiang, Gansu, Qinghai, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Shaanxi and Shanxi over the next few days.

    COTE D'IVOIRE: Breakdowns at the Azito plant in Abidjan has resulted in power disruptions affecting the cities of Yamoussoukro, Korhogo and Abidjan. Expect temporary business, transport and communications disruptions in coming days.

    CYPRUS: Starting from 10th May 2021, people from 65 countries who have proof of vaccination may enter Cyprus without needing to test for COVID-19 or undergoing quarantine. It should be noted that Cyprus is still suffering from high infection rates of COVID-19. Its 2-week lockdown will last until 9th May 2021 with all non-essential businesses closed and a curfew running from 9pm to 5am. However, with effect from 10th May 2021 (06:00 am) to 31st May 2021 (05:00 am), the curfew will start again at 23:00 instead of 21:00. The text message measure to 8998 for any move outside an individual’s home will also be abolished. For the latest island wide measures, please click here.

    INDIA: Because of a lockdown in Karnataka, South Western Railways (SWR) has cancelled 72 train services, most of which operated on suburban and intra-State routes. Additionally, private bus operators have launched an indefinite strike in Himachal Pradesh State, demanding a road tax exemption.

    ITALY/RUSSIA: Pobeda, the low-cost airline and a wholly owned subsidiary of Aeroflot, plans to resume flights from Moscow's Vnukovo Airport to Rome - beginning 12th June 2021.

    MOZAMBIQUE: Ethiopian Mozambique Airlines has announced the indefinite suspension of its domestic flights due to the drastic drop in demand for travel.

    PHILIPPINES: All passengers coming from, or who have been to, Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka within the last 14 days shall be prohibited from entering the Philippines from 7th to 14th May 2021.

    SPAIN: The partial closure of borders has been extended until 31st May 2021.

    TAIWAN: The Ministry of Economic Affairs is maintaining its water conservation scheme in parts of western Taiwan through to at least May 2021 because of the current drought. It has been reported in New Scientist magazine that earthquakes in Taiwan are due, in part, to seasonal rainfall problems.

    UNITED KINGDOM: The National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport workers (RMT) has confirmed its calls for strike action on East Midlands Railway on 16th, 23rd and 30th May 2021. Additionally, the red, amber and green list rules for entering England maybe viewed here.

    USA: Tornado warnings are affecting many areas of the south. A fire weather watch has also just been issued covering central, northeast, northwest and western Minnesota.

    EGYPT/LIBYA: Civilian flights between Tripoli and Cairo have been resumed after a suspension of more than six years. 

    GHANA: Expect power outages in the Greater Accra Region between 10th-17th May 2021 due to engineering works at the Pokuase Bulk Supply Point.

    IRISH REPUBLIC: Passengers arriving in Ireland from, or having transited through, any country on the list of designated high-risk countries must complete the mandatory hotel quarantine and are required to pre-book accommodation in a designated quarantine facility and to pre-pay for their stay.

    SOUTH AFRICA: Airlink has suspended flights to Polokwane International Airport due to airport non-compliance.

    NETHERLANDS: The current approach to tackling coronavirus in the Netherlands may be viewed here.

    SWEDEN: The existing general travel ban has been extended until 31st May 2021.

    MOROCCO: The Moroccan government has suspended all flights to and from 5 additional countries: Mali, Ghana, DR Congo, Guinea and Libya, to curb the spread of the new COVID-19 variants.

    PHILIPPINES: The Philippine government has suspended the entry of virtually all foreign nationals through to 21st April 2021.

    BOLIVIA: Flights from Europe will now be suspended until 31st May 2021.

    BERMUDA: Visitors and residents may not travel to Bermuda without an advance approved Travel Authorisation.

    COSTA RICA: A Health Pass must be completed and a QR Code obtained to show to airport authorities upon arrival to Costa Rica.

    GERMANY: Travellers who have visited a risk area, high incidence area or virus variant area in the last ten days before entering Germany, must register at the website here before arriving in Germany and carry proof of registration with them upon entry.

    GREECE/UNITED KINGDOM: Flights between Greece and the UK are expected to resume from 14th May 2021.

    ICELAND: The latest information regarding travel restrictions to Iceland as a result of COVID-19 is available here. Travellers should also note that a volcanic eruption is likely soon as quake swarms continue in southwestern Iceland.

    JAMAICA: Travellers must obtain a Travel Authorisation before entering the country.

    KUWAIT: All travellers are required to register on the Mosafer platform prior to beginning their travel to Kuwait.

    MYANMAR: Expect hospital disruptions, bank closures and a heightened risk of arrest following the military coup last month. Foreign nationals should depart the country as soon as possible.

    SWEDEN: Questions and answers about the entry ban from EEA states, and certain other states, can be found here.

    SAUDI ARABIA: The Saudi Arabia civil aviation authority has approved the landing of international flights at Prince Abdul Majeed Bin Abdulaziz Airport in Al-Ula. The airport’s capacity has also been raised from 100,000 to 400,000 passengers annually.

    CROATIA/SPAIN: Iberia, the flag carrier airline of Spain, has cancelled flights to Zagreb (Croatia’s northwestern capital) until 1st May 2021 because of COVID-19.

    MONGOLIA: The government is planning to reopen its air space from 1st May 2021 to resume international passenger flights.

    AUSTRALIA: Qantas, and its subsidiary Jetstar, are planning to resume international flights to most destinations from 31st October 2021. Additionally, to find out the latest measures in place when travelling in or out of Australia, please click here.

    CANADA: All international air travellers aged five years or older (with very limited exceptions) will have to take a COVID-19 test on arrival at their airport of entry, and will be required to quarantine in a designated hotel for up to three days, at their own expense, while they await results. Currently, all international flights are limited to four major airports in Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto, and Montreal until further notice.

    UAE: The Emirates Airline has confirmed that Dubai residents travelling back to the emirate no longer need prior approval from the General Directorate of Residency and Foreigners Affairs (GDRFA).

    ETHIOPIA: Ethiopian Airlines is planning to resume flights using Boeing 737 Max jets in July 2021.

    FRANCE: The latest information and guidance from the French Government on nightly curfew and travel restrictions may be viewed here.

    IRISH REPUBLIC: Entry visa processing for Ireland has been temporarily suspended, with some exceptions.

    NEW ZEALAND: All customers will be required to present their Managed Isolation Allocation Voucher at the airport to board their flight to New Zealand.

    UAE: Guidance on travelling to the UAE can be viewed here.

    LUXEMBOURG: The latest updated entry restrictions may be viewed here.

    CHILE: Travellers must compete an electronic “Affidavit of Travellers” (also called a “Sanitary Passport”) within 48 hours of departing. After completing the form, travellers will receive a QR code that they may use when boarding their flight.

    MALDIVES: All those travelling to and from Maldives are required to submit a self-completed health declaration within 24 hours prior their departure.

    NETHERLANDS: There have been clashes in towns and cities across the country between the police and the anti-curfew protesters. Visitors are advised to stay away from large crowds and anticipate transportation disruptions.

    AUSTRIA: Medical-grade FFP2 face masks are now mandatory in the country for people aged over 14 on public transport, shops and businesses, pharmacies, as well as hospitals or medical practices. Pregnant women and people with medical conditions are exempt.

    CANADA: New pre-departure COVID-19 testing requirements for all air travellers flying into the country can be found here. For COVID-19 public health measures and restrictions in Ontario, please view here.

    CANADA: To find out who may travel to Canada and public health measures for travellers to the country, please click on the official website here.

    CZECH REPUBLIC: Please note that the certificate and confirmation form for entry into the country are available here.

    ESTONIA: Information on countries and restriction on freedom of movement requirements for passengers is available on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs website.

    EUROPEAN UNION: Before planning a trip, visitors may wish to consult the European Union’s website where they may find country-specific information relating to border controls, travel restrictions, health and public safety measures - as well as other practical information. To check what travel documents are necessary when crossing the border into another EU country, please view here. What’s more, road safety and traffic rules differ within the EU. To find out what the various country-specific rules are, please click here. For information on rules of driving a company car abroad, please check here.

    FINLAND: Entry restrictions and health measures may be viewed here. For instructions issued by the Finnish border guard service, please check here.

    FRANCE: The government has provided some useful advice on its website for foreign nationals wishing to enter the country (or already in the country).

    FRENCH POLYNESIA: The ETIS is a mandatory health registration form for any traveler arriving to French Polynesia by air. Visitors must submit a valid copy within three days of their flight, and each time they enter Polynesian territory.

    GERMANY: Information on entry restrictions and quarantine regulations can be accessed here.

    GLOBAL: Global port restrictions may be viewed here.

    GREECE: All people (except children under 10 years old) traveling to Greece from foreign countries will be required to have a negative molecular test result (PCR) for COVID-19, performed within 72 hours before their arrival. This includes air and land arrivals.

    ICELAND: All passengers traveling to the country are required to fill out a pre-registration form 72 hours before their arrival. For travel restrictions, please check here.

    IRISH REPUBLIC: To view travel advice for over 200 countries from the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA), please check here. Visitors are reminded to fill out a COVID-19 Passenger Locator Form if they arrive in Ireland from another country.

    LATVIA: All people must fill in an electronic form no earlier than 48 hour before crossing the border, they will then receive a QR code to show to customs.

    LITHUANIA: Before boarding a plane, ferry, bus, or train to travel to this country, a form must be completed on the website of the National Public Health Centre, and present the confirmation received, the QR code, at the time of boarding. To find out who is allowed to enter the country during emergency situation due to COVID-19, please check here.

    MALTA: Before travelling to Malta, it is necessary to complete the Public Health Travel Declaration Form and the Passenger Locator Form.

    NEW ZEALAND: To find out who may still enter the country, please click here.

    NORWAY: The Norwegian Institute of Public Health has provided a map on its website showing obligations to go into quarantine that apply for travellers arriving in Norway.

    ROMANIA: A map indicating which border crossing points are open can be accessed here.

    SPAIN: The official website offers tourists and business travellers information on how to protect people’s health and safety during their trip.

FedEE makes it all fit together

Join FedEE Today

Many of the world’s largest multinational companies already belong to The Federation of International Employers (FedEE®). We have a Worldwide Membership – with particular concentrations in North America, Western Europe, India and Japan. We were founded in 1988 and are regularly voted by our Members as an organisation they would recommend to other multinationals.

If your company has over 150 employees in two or more countries, has its own in-house HR department, and has been operating for two or more years then you really cannot afford to operate without being part of the Federation. The approval process takes less than a day and for immediate access to our services we have an online credit card payment facility. Membership costs as little as €998.00 a year. Please check here to view the table of our membership services. Sign up now.

Why not take a short tour of our knowledge-base before joining FedEE® to see the nature and extent of the employment law, HR data and support that we offer? Please contact our Membership Secretary on to arrange for a one-to-one webinar for you and your colleagues, arranged without obligation and entirely at your own convenience.


Contact Us

Address, email, telephone numbers and on line payments so you can get in touch from anywhere around the world.


Senior Management Team

Introducing our key staff and Board Members.


Training and Events

The World’s advanced professional transnational law training course.

FedEE 33

Clear Thinking

Most people are not taught to think and few realize that clear thinking originates in perceptions and personal identity.