Speed, quality and value for money

Running a multinational HR Department is getting tougher by the day, speed is of the essence and there is a big premium on reducing uncertainty. Unfortunately, conventional ways to stay in control are lagging behind. corporate counsel is not always around when you need them and if you call your law firm you have to join their call back list. Then there is the constant nagging doubt that the information provided is not really spot on, or up to date. Come quarter end there is the law firm bill with every minute expensive and accounted for.

There is another way to stay on top and reduce the pressure – take advantage of FedEE’s employment law services. We have a huge database of laws in over 60 countries you can consult – with our own practical summaries of the legal obligations you must meet under a wide variety of headings. Unlike most law firms “free” guides our data is kept up to date on a daily basis and we put in a lot of effort to accurately interpret the law in a way that advantages the employer.

If you need an answer that is not available online FedEE has its own rapid adviceline  where you get straight through to someone who can assist you. Some enquiries come as an inclusive part of FedEE Silver and Gold membership – but are unlimited with Platinum membership (subject to a fair use policy).  When used up there are always inexpensive enquiry bundles that can be bought online.

Unlike law firms too, our objective is to educate HR professionals to achieve a greater degree of self-help. To cut through the needless mystification of the legal world and come to their own views on how to act. A conventional lawyer is bound up in just one jurisdiction, but we are constantly dealing with multiple jurisdictions. We are also amongst the first in the world to spot trends and alert our members about the legal developments that may soon confront them and how seemingly innocent decisions can expose them to liability.

In most multinational HR departments there is someone in a senior position who is concerned with updating policies, reviewing employment contracts and giving internal advice on how to handle day to day legal problems. We know from member surveys that this function is not fully recognised or adequately trained – and therefore FedEE has set up its own advanced legal training course for HR professionals and even given this role a name – “HR Counsel”.

Legal compliance is becoming more important as multinational company’s seek to minimise litigation, more closely protect reputations and demonstrate their integrity in the face of challenges from government, anti-globalisation campaigners and the sheer intensity of competition itself.  Our aim is to keep you out of court, reduce needless time wasted waiting for a lawyer to get back to you and provide practical answers that will allow you to move onto other priorities.

About Us

A brief history of the Federation up to the present day.

Employment Law

Differing employment rights and obligations around the world.

Remuneration and IR

Key reward and people management issues.


Ensuring policies and practices are lawful and rooted in good HR standards.

Travel Warnings

PLEASE NOTE: Due to the significant risk of abduction and deception by taxi or even private hire services, the best practice for companies sending executives or professionals to countries where they do not have representatives is to arrange for a registered guide to meet visitors at airports or rail stations. This will add to the visit cost, but in some locations the daily cost of a guide can be relatively low. To secure a guide, we suggest that only those registered with a national association affiliated to the WFTGA be used. Official guide costs can range from US$18 in Indonesia, US$32 in India and US$52 in Columbia to US$137 in Prague, US$363 in Munich and US$369 in Tokyo. Airport pick-ups are a normal part of a guide’s service and many will also offer interpretation and secretarial assistance.

PHILIPPINES: A “super typhoon” is expected to hit northern Philippines on Friday (September 14th) before veering towards China on Saturday or Sunday. Expect strong winds and heavy rains.
USA: Hurricane Florence has been downgraded to Category 2, but still considered as dangerous. It is expected to bring severe weather conditions to the Carolinas, with potential effects in coastal Georgia and Virginia.
ZIMBABWE: A cholera outbreak has been declared in Zimbabwe’s capital Harare after 20 people died from the disease. Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal disease that can kill within hours if left untreated.
CARIBBEAN REGION: Hurricane Isaac is forecast to reach the Caribbean region on or around Thursday the 13th of September. Expect flight disruptions.
AUSTRIA/IRAN: Austrian Airlines will halt the service to Isfahan and Shiraz from September 2018.

LIBYA: The British Embassy in the capital city Tripoli remains temporarily closed and there is no consular presence in Libya.

NICARAGUA: Visitors are advised to reconsider travel to the country due to crime, civil unrest, limited healthcare availability, and arbitrary enforcement of laws.

SOUTH AFRICA: Please exercise increased caution in the country due to crime, civil unrest, and drought.

GERMANY: Expect flights cancellation in and out of Germany due to a strike by Ryanair pilots and cabin crew over a pay and working conditions dispute.

MEXICO: Aeromexico pilots will launch industrial action on the 1st of October over the airline’s decision to suspend some employee benefits after a crash in northern Mexico in late July.

KUWAIT: Aviation authorities has suspended the license of Wataniya Airways for 3 months, effective as of September the 6th.

PHILIPPINES: Philippine Airlines will temporarily suspend flights from Manila to Caticlan until October the 26th.

UK: Northern Rail services will be affected between 12.01am and 11.59pm Saturday the 15th of September, Saturday the 22nd of September and Saturday the 29th of September, due to industrial action by Northern Rail staff.

THAILAND: Avoid all travel to and through Narathiwat, Pattani, Songkhla (including the city of Hat Yai), Yala due to criminally and politically motivated violent incidents.

BURUNDI: Please reconsider travel to Burundi due to crime and armed conflict.

INDIA: The Cochin International Airport has resumed its operations after a gap of over two weeks due to flooding.

UK: Dozens of ScotRail trains have been forced to cancel due to an unsafe building in the city of Ayr, Scotland. It is unclear how long the rail disruption is expected to continue for.

EUROPE: Scandinavian Airlines has cut 1,500 flights for the winter season.

PHILIPPINES: Philippine Airlines (PAL) will either delay or cancel several flights from September the 1st to the 21st because of runway repairs.

MYANMAR: As many as 85 villages have been flooded in Myanmar after a dam failed. More than 63,000 people have been affected and a large section of highway has been submerged. Please check travel plans.

BRAZIL: General elections are due to take place in October 2018. You should avoid areas where demonstrations are taking place.

CUBA: Attacks have occurred on U.S. diplomatic residences (including a long-term apartment at the Atlantic) and at Hotel Nacional and Hotel Capri in Havana. Please exercise increased caution, especially if you are a US citizen.

ITALY: Since the 14th of August there have been a number of localised earthquakes in the Molise region of Italy, near the town of Montecilfone. It could be leading to a much larger quake.

LAOS: The monsoon season in Laos runs until October. You should be aware of elevated risks of flooding and landslides.

KUWAIT: Old Kuwaiti passports became invalid as of July the 1st 2018. Kuwaiti nationals must hold new e-passports before leaving the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) to avoid travel difficulties.

BURKINA FASO: A constitutional referendum is scheduled during March 2019 and could be associated with public violence.

EGYPT: Security forces have killed 5 militants in the Akhmim district in Sohag province, 390 kilometers south of the capital Cairo. The country has been under a state of emergency since April of last year.

LIBYA: Deadly clashes between government forces and militias since the 26th of August have killed 5 people and injured dozens.

PAKISTAN: The government has stopped the VIP protocol given by the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) to influential people including politicians, judges, leading businessmen and military officials at airports across the country. We strongly recommend that private security arrangements are made for any personnel visiting the country as abductions are a constant threat and the threat of violence on foreign visitors who are not of Pakistani origin is high.

VENEZUELA: As of August 20, 2018, Venezuela reported 3,545 confirmed cases of measles, including 62 deaths. Additionally, 10 other countries in South America have reported a total of 1,459 cases, with 6 deaths.

GEORGIA(CAUCASUS): Visitors are advised to have a valid travel insurance policy – as airlines at check-in or immigration authorities may ask to provide evidence of this upon arrival in the country.

MALI: Do not travel to this country due to very high levels of crime and the strong threat of terrorism. 

LAOS: Visitors are advised to avoid all travel to Xaisomboun Province due to the tense security situation and random shooting incidents.

BAHRAIN/QATAR: Bahraini Ministry of Interior has announced the suspension of the issuance of entry visas for Qatari nationals, excluding students in the kingdom and those who currently have valid visas.

GUINEA-BISSAU: Reconsider travel to this country due to high levels of crime and civil unrest.

LIBYA: Do not travel to this country under any circumstances due to crime, terrorism, civil unrest, and armed conflict.

MONTENEGRO: Please take special note that visitors must register with local police within 24 hours of their arrival in the country.

MOROCCO: Royal Air Maroc (RAM) has reached an agreement with the AMPL union, ending a month-long partial strike of its pilots.

UK: Expect train disruptions from the August 25th on the Manchester-Bolton-Preston line due to a railway line upgrade.

PHILIPPINES: The local authorities in Palawan have recently warned the public of a heightened risk from kidnapping. Martial law is in place across the whole of Mindanao until the 31st of December 2018. There may be curfews and frequent checkpoints.

UGANDA: Please exercise great caution, especially as a foreign visitor. There were reports of shootings and violent demonstrations in Arua on the 13th of August and similar incidents are possible at any time.

VANUATU: The government of Vanuatu has declared a state of emergency for the island of Ambae. This is due to ongoing volcanic activity.

ETHIOPIA: You should exercise caution and take local advice if you are travelling to the Ethiopian Somali Regional State, including the cities of Jijiga and Dhegahbur as there were reports of severe civil unrest, protests and violence on the 4th of August 2018.

CONGO: The Minister of Health declared an outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) on August the 1st 2018, following confirmation of 4 cases of Ebola in the Mabalako health zone of the territory of Beni, North Kivu province, Eastern DRC.

TUVALU: The cyclone season is normally between November and April. but cyclones can occur throughout the year.

ECUADOR: Visitors are advised against all but essential travel to all other areas of Esmeraldas province outside the existing 20km exclusion zone along the border with Colombia due to a risk of kidnapping and a high risk of crime.

VENEZUELA: Visitors are advised against all travel to within 80km (50 miles) of the Colombian border in the states of Zulia, Tachira, Barinas, Apure and Bolívar; within 80 km (50 miles) of the Colombian border in Amazonas state as far south as 100 km (62 miles) south of Puerto Ayacucho; within 40km (25 miles) of the rest of the Colombian border due to a risk of kidnapping.

CHAD: Reconsider travel to this country due to crime, terrorism, and minefields.

EUROPE: Primera Air is ceasing operations from Birmingham Airport to Alicante, Tenerife, Las Palma, Reykjavik and Malaga from the 29th of October. Services between Birmingham and Palma de Mallorca and Barcelona will be cancelled from the 3rd of September.

COMOROS: Exercise increased caution in all parts of the country due to civil unrest.       

DJIBOUTI: Visitors are advised against all travel to the border with Eritrea due to possible conflict and the fragile political situation.

LAOS: Visitors are advised avoiding all travel to Xaisomboun Province due to the tense security situation and random shooting incidents.

HONDURAS: Please exercise a high degree of caution in the country due to demonstrations and an upsurge in already high levels of violent crime.

PAPUA NEW GUINEA: Exercise increased caution in Papua New Guinea due to crime, civil unrest, and a recent serious polio outbreak.

KAZAKHSTAN/TURKMENISTAN: The border between Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan is currently closed to traffic. Please seek alternative routes, such as via Uzbekistan, until further notice.

UZBEKISTAN: The international “Urgench” airport in Uzbekistan is now closed due to technical reasons and high surface temperatures.

INDIA/THAILAND: Air India has suspended its direct flight service from Bhubaneswar to Bangkok in Thailand until September the 30th.

BURUNDI: Visitors are advised against all travel to the country, due to the unpredictable security situation, potential violent civil unrest, the threat of terrorism and violent crime.

MEXICO: Please note that from the 16th of July 2018, British consular services in Mexico City will be operating from the British Embassy at Río Lerma 71, Col. Cuauhtémoc, 06500.

SINGAPORE: Drunk and disorderly conduct is a serious crime in the country. Offenders will be fined or face imprisonment, and/or corporal punishment (caning).

MOLDOVA: Stay vigilant in Transnistria due to the unresolved conflict between this breakaway region and the central government.

HAITI: Visitors are advised not to travel to the country due to civil unrest and crime.

MAURITANIA: Avoid nonessential travel to the country due to the threat of terrorism.

COLOMBIA: Exercise increased caution in Colombia – due to crime and terrorism.

SOUTH SUDAN: Violent crime, such as carjackings, shootings, ambushes, assaults, robberies, and kidnappings are common throughout the country, including the capital city Juba.

GUYANA: Visitors are advised to avoid travel to and from Georgetown Cheddi Jagan international airport late at night and before dawn due to possible attacks by gangs.

MONGOLIA: Only a few specified land border crossings are open to foreigners. If you wish to travel to zones of up to 100km inside the border, you must get permission from the State Frontier Guard Authority.

BELIZE: Avoid mosquito bites, particularly between dawn and dusk – as there is a risk of the dengue disease in this country.

MONTSERRAT: Be mindful that the hurricane season in the Caribbean runs from June to November.

HAITI: Avoid nonessential travel to the neighborhoods of Martissant, Carrefour, Bel Air and Cite Soleil, in the Port-au-Prince area due to the unstable and dangerous security situation.

INDIA: Please avoid travelling in the immediate vicinity of the border with Pakistan.

PAPUA NEW GUINEA: A nine-month state of emergency has been declared in the country following significantly increased levels of tribal fighting. Visitors are advised against all but essential travel to Hela and Southern Highlands provinces.

UAE: Please be aware that all air and sea points of entry between UAE and Qatar were closed on the 6th of June 2017.

NICARAGUA: American Airlines has suspended flights between the cities of Managua and Miami for security reasons.

MOZAMBIQUE: Visitors are advised against all but essential travel to the districts of Palma, Mocimboa de Praia and Macomia in Cabo Delgado province because of an increase in attacks by groups with links to Islamic extremism.

ESWATINI: Swaziland has officially changed its name to “the Kingdom of eSwatini”.

TANZANIA: You should remain vigilant at all times. Although most visits to Tanzania are trouble-free, violent and armed crime is increasing. Road conditions are generally poor and driving standards are erratic.

INDONESIA: Due to the regular occurrence of violent incidents, visitors are advised to avoid non-essential travel to the province of Papua.

CANADA/UK: British Airways flights this coming Winter between Calgary and London’s Heathrow Airport will be temporarily suspended.

BURMAN/MYANMAR: Visitors are advised against all but essential travel to Paletwa township, in southern Chin State and Kachin State (except the towns of Myitkyina, Bhamo and Putao) because of widespread armed conflict.

MOZAMBIQUE: Exercise great caution when traveling to this country. It is reported that several people were killed in the area of Olumbi in the district of Palma at the end of May 2018.

The Drug Dilemma

Employers across the USA continue to struggle with the rights and obligations dilemma about whether and how much they can control the use of marijuana in the workplace.

Although 31 US states permit its medical use, its recreational use is permitted in ten states (plus DC) and decriminalised in 13 others, it remains a schedule one substance and it is still technically unlawful to trade or consume it under federal law. But since 2014 the Rohrabacher–Blumenauer amendment has prevented federal authorities from fiscal interference with the application of state cannabis laws. The amendment must be reaffirmed each year and a DOJ memorandum on state freedoms in the matter was withdrawn earlier this year.

So where does this leave employers? Many still include the drug on their list of banned substances, but labour shortages are encouraging many to drop marijuana from the drug tests they require at the hiring stage. This is partly also because of successful prosecutions of employers in Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island for withdrawing job offers due to positive tests for cannabis. Maine has also led the way in making it unlawful for employers to dismiss a worker for cannabis use outside the workplace.

Employers should, however, not forget that what applies to alcohol, also at least applies to marijuana – which is a far more dangerous and unpredictable intoxicant. Under OSH rules they must operate a workplace free from serious recognized hazards and one of the most serious hazards is the mental state of fellow employees. It will be unfashionable to take a hard line on residual marijuana levels in an employee’s bloodstream – but duty of care must come before popularity.

Africa / Middle East

Latest News

KENYA: Although the Private Security Regulation Act was passed back in 2016, it required a regulatory authority to put it into effect and this could not be fully undertaken until the recent appointment of a CEO. There are over 500,000 private security personnel across the country employed by over 1,000 organisations and this is the first time that they have been subject to laws designed for their operation. The regulations cover registration and licencing, cooperation with the police, a code of practice, and rules on the use of security equipment.

ARMENIA: Pickpocketing accounts for over 65% of thefts in the country. But there is no criminal law specifically to punish it. This is at last being rectified and a new law should be presented to parliament before the end of the year.

ZAMBIA: The statutory minimum wage for shop and general workers rises by 50% this month from K1,132 (US$94.85) to K1,698.60 (US$142.33) a month. The last time it was changed was in 2012.

Q&A: Spain

Q&A: Italy

Q&A: Romania

Brussels & Rome rules

Seeking the higher ground

Most of us start out believing that the law is always right, that integrity and wisdom pervade the justice system and that official data sources are always accurate. Even when we realise otherwise, we simply take exceptions to prove the rule. Yet law is like an incoming tsunami and if you don’t take shelter you are sure to get either very wet or very drown.

We work hard at FedEE to encourage legal compliance. It is our mission to keep employers out of court. But however law abiding any company may be there is always the chance that they will be accused of an infringement and it will be a costly matter to prove their innocence.  The law can also be interpreted differently by experts – as in the case of one member company that had sought opinions from three French law firms, only to receive contradictory answers from each.

We recently sought interpretations from different law firms about the legality of “garden leave” in Italy. Some contended that there was simply no such concept in the country, whilst others declared it was illegal. The conclusion we reached was that because of the system of electronic registration to the authorities in the case of termination, any leave taken during a notice period would simply extend the notice period – and that as “garden leave” would be taken literally as a form of “leave” by concrete thinking officials it would therefore indefinitely extend departure. That is a very different answer.

We no longer take as a dependable source any literature written by, or for, the European Commission as it is frequently so full of errors – like the blanket description of posted workers as a group who could continue practicing in another country with their qualifications achieved in their home country (that would be good news for layers and accountants if it were only true!). There is also the latest national report on non-discrimination written by two prominent UK law professors for the European Commission who notify the reader – very adamantly – that “race” is not a protected category in the UK, except Northern Ireland. Clearly they have not read the Equality Act 2010, its Code of Practice -or mountains of case law – let alone the EU Directive specifically about race equality protection (2000/43/EC)…read more

The Americas 

Latest News

CANADA: An attempted class action on sex-based discrimination and sexual harassment at the workplace brought by two female police officers has been rejected by the Brampton Superior Court. The Court held that it had no authority to decide on the claim since, under the Police Services Act, it could only be brought to arbitration. Harking back to a long point of legal contention in Canada, the Court added that discrimination at the workplace was not a valid cause of action under common law. This is not strictly true – although most cases are heard under the Ontario Human Rights Code in the province, it was decided way back in Bhadauria v. Seneca College that someone could sue for discrimination as a common tort and the presiding Justice stated that she did “not regard the Code as in any way impeding the appropriate development of the common law in this important area”. The present case now goes to the Ontario Court of Appeal.

ECUADOR/PERU: Over 600,000 Venezuelans have crossed into Ecuador so far this year, causing the government to declare a state of emergency in three provinces. Most of the migrants are on their way to Peru and Chile. All countries in the region are attempting to stem the flow now by requiring passports to cross their borders rather than identity cards.

USA: The Dignity in the Driver’s Seat Bill SB1402 currently before the Californian state legislature will make retailers jointly responsible for the failure of any port trucking company to pay the correct wages to their staff, pay unlawful expenses, or hire anyone as a bogus independent contractor under state legislation. The law would establish a name and shame list of retailers that failed to meet their obligations and if they hired a port trucking company with a record of final judgements against them, retailers would become wholly liable for future labour infractions by the trucking company. California handles 40% of US container traffic and the bill potentially applies to over 25,000 port truck drivers. This measure is particularly likely to affect major outlets such as Costco, Home Depot, and Target.

Q&A: Hong Kong

Q&A: Cyprus

Q&A: Sri Lanka

The Fluid Workforce

The Shape of  Things to Come

There will be several important trends in the field of employment law over the next 3-5 years – and they will have a profound impact on employment levels and employability.

Litigation will be going underground as an increasing number of employment contracts contain mandatory arbitration clauses. There will therefore be less case law upon which to base legal opinion. It will also become lawful to include clauses prohibiting participation in “class action” law suits – this is already the case in the USA because of the recent case Epic Systems Corp. v. Lewis – although there will be more laws preventing “gagging orders”.

There is already a great concern, particularly in Europe, for gender pay gap reporting. However, a new equal pay law in New Jersey has extended equal pay requirements to other protected characteristics – such as race, religion, sexual orientation and disability, as well as gender. This has huge consequences, particularly if the concept is taken up more generally by other jurisdictions. Another feature of both the New Jersey and recent Massachusetts Acts is the requirement for all companies to rate their jobs using a factor-based job evaluation scheme.

Company codes of practice already have a major part to play in corporate governance, but they are gradually taking over from HR policies as the basis for containing whistleblowing actions and terminating senior company executives.

How far travelling to a client is working time is still not settled law, even in the European Union where the European Court of Justice ruling in Tyco (C-266/14) seemed to have resolved the question. But two more recent French court cases have run counter to the ruling and the possibility that other work-related time – like commuting or staying away from home on a business trip – might have to be fully remunerated and counted against weekly working time limits could massively endanger company profitability.

Asia / Pacific

Latest News

JAPAN/ISRAEL: The government of Japan has been accused of padding its disability employment figures. Although the Japanese Labour Ministry is investigating all ministries, it is amongst those most likely to have falsified their data – going back to 1976. In Israel 40% of government institutions are failing to meet the 5% disability quota, including the Office of the President.

TAIWAN: Over the year to June 2018, the average monthly regular wage increased by 2.5% to NT$40,846 (US$1,325). The overall average monthly wage (including bonuses and compensation) jumped 7.2% to NT$47,969 (US$1,556). Over the year to the first half of 2018 the average number of working hours decreased by 0.3 hours to 165 hours per month.

VIETNAM: A minimum wage increase of 5.3% or VNĐ160,000–200,000 (US$6.8–8.6) per month across all 4 levels in 2019 has been proposed by the National Wage Council. Workers in Region I (Hanoi) will see their wages rise to VNĐ4.18 million (US$180) a month, whilst those in other regions will be entitled to between US$126 and US$160 a month. The increase will be submitted to the central government for final approval.

Q&A: Ukraine

Q&A: #Metoo

Q&A: #Whistleblower

Mandatory Arbitration Clauses

Professionally Qualified HR Counsel®

Can you practice law as an HR Professional? Yes, now you can train and be recognised for being your corporate in-house expert on the application of employment laws across several jurisdictions worldwide. The Advanced Diploma Programme only available through FedEE’s Academy provides a comprehensive grounding in virtually every aspect of employment law in 10 key jurisdictions worldwide. Once obtained, the graduate may also use the designation Qualified Professional HR Counsel (QP-HR Counsel®) or simply HR Counsel®

The programme operates on a distance learning basis, although every participant has at their service the support of a personal tutor. Those commencing from October 15th may also join the first intake of course participants by attending two days of seminars and lectures in London, UK.

The prgramme is designed specifically for busy HR people, with a facility to take modules when time allows. There are 30 modules in the entire programme, broken down into six courses. Each course represents a credit that, once completed, can be carried over to obtain a Diploma or Advanced Diploma in Multijurisdictional Employment Law.

Click here to download the course brochure

Click here to sign up today to participate in the course

Have you signed up for your future yet?  Contact FedEE’s in-house barrister Vasiliki Filippou for further details on vasiliki.filippou@fedee.com.


Latest News

UNITED KINGDOM: Reports of a surge in the value of Sterling because of an upbeat comment by the EU’s chief Brexit Michel Barnier are entirely unfounded on two counts. Firstly, the improvement in Sterling on Monday was fairly small and almost entirely due to a better than expected GDP figure for July. Economic growth continues to be shaky – especially in production, where it actually fell in July because of a sharp cut in pharmaceutical production. Secondly a little optimism on the EU side will always tend to lead to an over-reaction in markets and the press because there has been such little good news in recent weeks. The EU’s negotiating team has not secured a mandate to produce any new solution by mid November (as reported) and so far there is no realistic deal yet on the table. The EU is keen to offer Theresa May a lifeline, but when nothing exists to base a deal upon other than the defunct Chequer’s proposal that wish still runs hard up against a UK ruling conservative party in internal disarray. It will take a lot more than a stray remark from the EU to fix the mess that the UK is in.

ITALY: An IMF Working Paper (WP/18/61) on the Italian wage bargaining system has found that it has the highest level of pay determination rigidity in Europe and a number of inherent blocks on improvements to productivity. It was found that sectorally led wage developments explain about 45% of the manufacturing unit labour cost gap with Germany. A move towards decentralised wage bargaining, the author contends – with masses of sophisticated statistical support – would result in “a fall in the equilibrium unemployment rate from 10% to 6.5%, with a corresponding 3.5 percentage point increase in the steady-state employment.

LUXEMBOURG: As part of its implementation of the GDPR, the government has decided to reform employee monitoring rules. It is no longer just a matter of gaining prior permission from the National Commission for Data Protection (NCDP) in order to install CCTV cameras and other employee monitoring devices. A company must now first inform their employees and works council (employee delegation), who have a right to object to the NCDP. This necessitates a 45-day waiting period before installation.

Q&A: Portugal

Q&A: Austria

Q&A: Czech Republic

Labour Cartels

Join FedEE® Today

Sense out of uncertainty: HR without borders

Many of the world’s largest multinational companies already belong to The Federation of International Employers (FedEE®). We have a Worldwide membership – with particular concentrations in North America, Western Europe, India, Japan and China. A high proportion of our members have been part of FedEE for many years and tell us we provide a both unique and excellent service with great value for money. In fact, in a membership survey, 96% of members informed us they would not hesitate in recommending us to other multinational enterprises.

If your company has over 150 employees in two or more countries and has been operating for two or more years then you really cannot afford to operate without being part of the Federation. The approval process takes less than a day and for immediate access to our services we have an online credit card payment facility. Membership costs as little as €495 (US$565) a year – but with our Platinum Membership you may have up to 15 individual users of our services anywhere in your global operations, a FREE place on our HR Counsel accreditation course and unlimited helpline enquiries – with direct access to our in-house team of barristers, statisticians, HR specialists and labour relations experts.

Why not take a short tour of our knowledge-base before joining FedEE® to see the nature and extent of the employment law and HR data that we offer? Please contact our Membership Secretary to arrange for a one-to-one webinar for you and your colleagues, arranged entirely at your own convenience.

Corresponding Law Firms

We have just signed our first agreements with corresponding law firms around the world. The Federation shall be working in cooperation with this growing network of expertise to bring corporate members a fast, global service.

White Papers

Engaging and practical pieces produced by FedEE® staff covering issues of concern for multinational HR professionals. These papers are illustrative of guidance notes we provide in our knowledge-base. They principally provide a European perspective – although the material available to corporate member organisations is largely pan-global.

Training & Events

Book your place for FedEE®’s advanced professional course for HR practitioners in multi-jurisdictional employment law. Join other HR professionals for the World’s first, advanced professional transnational law training course in employment law.


FedEE® Secretary General Robin Chater’s comments on HR-related developments around the world. Robin has an unequalled understanding of developments in employment law, particularly in the European Union. He was formerly an advisor to the European Commission for ten years and has counselled numerous multinationals on a wide range of HR issues.

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FedEE® Senior Management Team

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Past Newswires

Customised & individual services just for you

The Personnel Policy Research Unit

We now provide a wide range of customised employment law and HR-related services to member and non-member organisations around the World. These are offered at highly competitive rates and can draw on FedEE’s vast range of in-house expertise, data and services.

The Personnel Policy Research Unit (PPRU) can undertake fast troubleshooting tasks …read more…

The Employment Standards Institute (ESI)

The Institute has been established by The Federation to undertake research into, and training about, a wide variety of employment-related topics – including the implementation of ISO HR standards, the growth of ADR mechanisms in the light of mandatory arbitration clauses (Epic Systems), the extension of equal pay to cover all protected categories (the New Jersey Law)… read more…