Managing people across national borders

We are a practical problem-solving service, geared to the needs of  multinational HR departments.

Many day-to-day “people issues” do not merit a project, or justify calling in an employment lawyer. This is often because they must be resolved quickly and before more substantial problems arise.  One FedEE Member put it this way.

“I do not have the time to brief outsiders and start worrying about professional fees before I can get a job done. I just need someone I can trust who will give me an honest second opinion and help me sort things out so that I can move onto other things. My company cannot carry all the expertise about international HR laws and practices it needs in-house – so the next best thing is FedEE. You have no equal and those who do not know about you do not know what they are missing.”

〠 POST-PANDEMIC HR WORLD:  So what are the key things you need to think about now? What will be the barriers faced and what kind of world will it be like? Start your journey here.

〠 SHARING THE JOURNEY:  FedEE is running a series of E-Meetings to examine, step by step, how companies are approaching a resumption of operations in EMEA and APAC.  

〠 WORKPLACE RULES: FedEE has developed its own set of model back to work rules that Member companies may adopt and brand as their own.  

〠 POSTING WORKERS: This revised EU Directive has huge implications for multinational employers. FedEE has the most detailed guide available on how to comply with it.

No harmony exists between employment laws

International HR Answers in Seconds

FedEE is designed to provide a “right hand” professional support service to those in multinational HR departments.

We focus on key developments so you can get on with your core day-to-day activities. You do not need a legal database containing 1000s of new laws and court cases to read every day, nor do you have the time to wait for a call-back from a law firm –  but you do need to know if your company faces a new employer obligation in a particular country, if a key deadline is coming up on the radar, or how to resolve a difficult employee problem in real-time.

FedEE also produces news reports you would never receive from any other source. This is partly because we monitor changes in over 30 languages. We also have a tiered support system so that if you need to know more, you may go to our online knowledgebase, or simply call our multinational helpline. 85% of helpline enquiries are resolved within two hours, after just one direct call to an Advisor. Our service is also multi-user – so several colleagues may access it in their own right. Few lawyers have hands on HR experience and so their guidance is often rigid, obscure and off the mark. We go beyond the law and aim at finding practical, management solutions that stick and make good economic sense.

You could probably secure a near alternative to FedEE by hiring a talented HR professional with years of working in many jurisdictions and industry sectors, then by arming them with numerous costly online legal database subscriptions – or you could simply sign up to FedEE – at 2-3% the cost. That is perhaps why many HR departments around the World have relied on FedEE for over two decades.


☞ The United States Attorney General has ordered all US attorney offices to investigate and, if necessary, prosecute any misuse of government funding provided to alleviate the impact of the health crisis on companies. 

☞ UK employers should take note of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861 – as it has been the principal way that those infected by HIV/AIDS have sought damages. Only COVID-19 is much easier to prosecute as it does not involve consent.

Pawa-hara laws just coming into effect in Japan are going to make life very difficult for conventional employers.

☞ Do you know the occupational groups given special entry requirements this year under different country points systems? 

☞ Why should employers in Azerbaijan be particularly concerned about making employees who own land redundant?

☞ What is the position of employees stranded in countries – whose visas have expired?

☞ What are the HR data retention periods around the World?

☞ May an employer force an employee to take annual leave? 

FedEE Flag Pic

The FedEE Story

FedEE was founded in June 1988 at a meeting of HR Directors at BP PLC’s Head Office in London. It was supported initially by the European Commission


FedEE Services

FedEE offers a range of “must have” services to the individual Multinational employer.



FedEE’s International HR Policy Updating Service, tackling those neglected handbooks.



FedEE’s frightening analysis concerning prospects for a post-pandemic World.

The future of work

Maintaining company pay freedom

Unless EU employers do something soon they will all be locked into collective bargaining and have to face up to unions that have been given a huge new lease of life by the European Commission. This is not “crying wolf”, but a reality under recent EU proposals.

For the last 20 years FedEE has been seeking to make the European Union institutions stick to Article 153 (5) of their own Treaty and not meddle in pay. They have no powers to do so – but MEPS and Officials keep knowingly ignoring their own Treaty obligations.

Now the Commission wants to impose a minimum wage system across EU Member States which is entirely determined by collective bargaining. Once around the table, however, unions will not stop there – and will want to spread their scope for negotiation to all levels in a company. This is in spite of unionization progressively declining across the EU and being as low as 8% in some EU countries. Moreover, sectoral and national CBAs are wage cartels and should be treated as such.

Although the minimum wage is a critical safeguard, the petty politics of collective bargaining is not the way to achieve it and the European Union has no legitimate role to play in this field. 


  • Not all EU States – such as Austria, Finland and Italy – currently operate a national minimum wage.
  • Article 153 (5) of the EU Treaty excludes any powers in respect to pay from the scope of the European Union.
  • The European Commission has long wanted to take greater control of the wage and salary market.
  • The Commission has ignored in the past the EU Treaty by introducing pay-related elements in Directives. Only FedEE has opposed them.
  • The Commision began this year to consult “social partners” about an EU Minimum Wage Directive. 
  • The Commission’s current proposals are to ensure that collective bargaining is central to the new wage system. 
  • To sidestep the Treaty problem (and FedEE) the Commission wants to draw up an agreement on Article 155. This will do nothing to remove Article 153 (5).
  • If allowed to go ahead, their proposal will impose collective bargaining on employers in each Member State. If your company opposes this – join FedEE.
The HR landscape shaped for HR

Services Tailored for You

Your Employment Law Questions Answered – Practically and Fast

If a quick check of the FedEE Knowledgebase does not come up with all the details you are looking for then the FedEE legal helpline is just a phone call, or email message, away. We seek to answer all email questions raised within four working hours. In fact, over 90% of telephone enquiries about our core 35 countries are resolved during a 15-minute call.

Updating Your HR Policies to Comply with Statutes and Rulings

The most constant lament that arises in our periodic member surveys concerns the updating of HR policies. If a policy is out of date, and thus at variance with the law, or phrased in an ambiguous way a company can find itself being challenged by employees with whom they are in dispute, an ex-employee or a factory inspector. All policies should therefore ideally be reviewed on an annual basis. FedEE offers a policy review service called “Persolicy” that could be just for one policy in a single jurisdiction, a complete handbook or for multiple countries. This service is at a fraction of the cost charged by a conventional law firm.

Let FII-Legal provide you with the employment law assistance you need during the current crisis

FII-Legal is an independent spin off from the Federation and can offer expert advice, information and support at a fraction the cost – and many times the speed – you would be charged by an old-style legal firm. Our expertise is also based on a depth of international HR experience and is led by a former Advisor to The European Commission and the ICO who also has a track record in mining, electronics and engineering.  We cover over 120+ country jurisdictions, plus federal laws, from a single international centre. FII-Legal is also open to non-members of the Federation. So call us today on (+1) 857 576 8452 or email

Ask FII-Global’s legal research team to undertake an investigation into a difficult legal challenge, or brief you on a particular jurisdiction

We have undertaken numerous customised research exercises for major companies to assess the best jurisdiction and labour market for expansion into Eastern Europe, restructure the business as a Societas Europea (SE), or set out all the steps necessary for a major transfer of undertakings. We specialise in M&A HR legal strategy – and in 2019 we were a key player in one of the largest mergers in recent times.

Becoming a multinational for the first time? Let FedEE help reduce the delays and risks

During the last ten years the average size of multinationals has fallen from over 5000 employees to just 700 employees and many start to become multinational – especially in the service sector – when they have fewer than 100 employees.

Membership of FedEE will be an invaluable aid to successful growth in other countries. Not only can we show you how to avoid the legal pitfalls, but can put you in touch with local service providers and provide statistics to help you assess things like the size and nature of local labour markets.

We can also help you turn your HR services around – both to deal with global emergencies, such as those created by the coronavirus pandemic, but also put in place an HR Recovery Plan. We estimate the recovery in advanced economies outside China will begin by late July 2020. It may also, ironically, remove the threat of a recession by the end of 2020 – as demand bounces back with a new dynamic.

Global News

Advanced Diploma in Multjurisdictional Employment Law

The FedEE Academy

Now there is an opportunity for HR professionals in multinational organisations to obtain a legal qualification that prepares them for a role as the departmental expert in employment law. FedEE’s Advanced Diploma in Multijurisdictional Employment Law (Adv Dip MELL) is a one-year part-time programme offered through our Academy and undertaken primarily through distance learning.

If you are a University graduate with at least three years relevant HR experience you may join the programme at any time. You do not have to possess a first degree in law and the programme will begin by preparing you to understand legal concepts and basic principles of law.

The programme focuses on ten principal jurisdictions – China, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, The Netherlands, UAE, UK and the USA. However, participants may also choose other jurisdictions for their personal research. There are a total of 24 modules to complete (two per month) and, as a graduate, you will possess greater knowledge of trans-border legal requirements than most conventional legal professionals.

The course is designed to fit in with a busy work schedule and if not completed within the year it may be extended for a further twelve months. The programme not only ends with a valuable qualification, but you will also be able to use the job title “HR Counsel”® 

Please also note that this programme is currently being updated and extended and will be relaunched in the Autumn with several modules reflecting recent changes in HR perspectives – such a greater interest in distant working and contingency planning and management.

For further information, please download the programme brochure and, if you wish, speak to a qualified Barrister here at FedEE.  Click here and sign up today to participate in the Programme

For further details, please contact the Programme Director on

Publications and press reports from FedEE correspondents

Press Releases and Newswires


White papers

FedEE Member companies gain access to a wealth of information and guidance.


Press Releases

FedEE’s latest press release distributed to media, newspapers and agencies. 


Past Newswires

Examples of our fortnightly newswires sent to all FedEE Member organizations.

Travel Alerts

  • ISRAEL/UK: Incoming travellers from the United Kingdom to Israel will be required to self-isolate for 14 days upon arrival.

    CAMBODIA: Flash flooding across Cambodia has killed at least 18 people as of Saturday, 17th October 2020. Expect further flooding and associated transportation and business disruptions.

    GUINEA: The authorities have extended existing state of health emergency measures through to at least mid-November 2020 to curb the spread of COVID-19.

    BELGIUM: Starting from 19th October 2020, all Belgian bars and restaurants will be closed to combat a surge in coronavirus cases. A curfew from midnight until 5 a.m will also be in place. The measures will last for at least four weeks, with a review of their impact after two weeks.

    THAILAND: Public protests continue across the country. Visitors are advised to exercise great caution and stay away from large crowds.

    GERMANY: Subways, trams and buses in North Rhine-Westphalia will be affected on both 19th and 20th October 2020 as transport workers are planning to take industrial action.

    ITALY: Swab tests for COVID-19 are compulsory for people traveling from the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Belgium and the Czech Republic. It is also mandatory to wear face masks in public outdoor spaces across the country.

    JAPAN/SOUTH KOREA: The South Korean low-cost carrier, T'way Air, will start flights to Japan in November 2020.

    UKRAINE/ARMENIA: Ukraine International Airlines (UIA) has canceled all flights to Yerevan (Armenia's capital) until 31st October 2020 due to the escalation of the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict. 

    TURKEY/UK: Jet2 has canceled some flights to Turkey until 31st October 2020. 

    GERMANY: Under the newly announced night-time restrictions, which came into effect on 10th October and will run until 31st October 2020, restaurants, bars, local shops and other businesses must shut between 23:00 p.m. local time until 06:00 a.m. During the curfew-period, private gatherings are limited to five people if they live in separate households.

    AUSTRIA/SERBIA: Air Serbia has suspended services from Kraljevo’s Morava Airport to Vienna until 28th March 2021 due to the growing incidence of COVID-19.

    ARGENTINA/GERMANY: Lufthansa will resume flights between Frankfurt and Buenos Aires from late October 2020.

    INDONESIA: Workers and students have been protesting throughout the country against the recently passed Job Creation Law. Those in Indonesia are advised to stay vigilant and avoid public gatherings.

    MALDIVES: The government has extended the ongoing State of Public Health Emergency until early November 2020.

    BAHRAIN: Until further notice, it is mandatory to wear protective masks in public, industrial and commercial locations. Violators will be subject to an on-the-spot fine.

    CROATIA/GERMANY: The German airline Lufthansa plans to further reduce its flights to Croatian airports by the end of October 2020.

    NORTH AMERICA: The Canadian low-cost airline Sunwing will resume flights from 6th November 2020.

    MALAYSIA/UK: British Airways has resumed flights to and from Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia.

    MEXICO/COSTA RICA: The Mexican airline Aeroméxico will resume commercial flights between San Jose (the capital and largest city of Costa Rica) and Mexico City as of 18th October 2020. 

    UNITED KINGDOM: Passengers who are going to use LNER and other train operators should expect significant disruptions on a number of weekends, over the Christmas period, and for extended periods in the first half of 2021 - due to engineering works. Additionally, Passengers using the overnight Scotland to London train service should anticipate 4 days of disruption in October 2020. This is because the Caledonian Sleeper staff have planned to take industrial action over the safety and wellbeing of workers. Moreover, people will not be allowed to enter or leave four areas in South Wales, namely Blaenau Gwent, Bridgend, Merthyr and Newport, without a reasonable excuse, due to a spike in coronavirus cases.

    TONGA: The government has temporarily closed its borders for entry to all foreign nationals. Additionally, the 'state of emergency' has been extended until 12th March 2021.

    USA: The Atlanta-based airline Delta is planning to resume flights between Minneapolis-St. Paul (MSP) and Amsterdam (AMS) on October 25th 2020.

    UAE: Visitors and residents entering and staying in Abu Dhabi for six consecutive days or more, must take a COVID-19 PCR test on the sixth day of their stay. Non-compliance will result in legal action and fines.

    CHILE: A completed passenger information form must be submitted prior to departure.

    PANAMA: Anyone leaving their residence must be wearing a mask that covers their nose and mouth or could be detained and fined.

    AUSTRALIA: Tasmania’s border will remain closed until at least December 1st 2020.

    FRANCE: A ban on gatherings of more than 5,000 people has been extended until the end of October 2020 as new coronavirus infections have nearly doubled in recent weeks.

    GREECE: All passengers arriving in Greece must fill in a Passenger Locator Form (PLF) at least a day before arrival.

    NORWAY: The government has reimposed a 10-day quarantine for travellers from foreign countries. To see the list of which countries and regions that are exempt from quarantine, please click here.

    BELGIUM: The wearing of a face mask is compulsory in all public places in Brussels. 

    MALAWI: The wearing of a mask is mandatory in public places. Non-compliance will lead to a fine of around $15.

    CUBA: Lockdown restrictions have been reimposed in Havana following a rebound in coronavirus cases.

    INDIA: The existing restrictions on domestic flights will remain in effect until 24th November 2020.

    AUSTRALIA: The airline flag carrier of Australia, Qantas, has suspended international flight bookings until 28th March 2021.

    CROATIA: The wearing of face masks is now compulsory in all public indoor spaces.

    IRAN: The wearing of face masks is now mandatory in certain public spaces.

FedEE makes it all fit together

Join FedEE Today

Many of the world’s largest multinational companies already belong to The Federation of International Employers (FedEE®). We have a Worldwide Membership – with particular concentrations in North America, Western Europe, India and Japan. We were founded in 1988 and are regularly voted by our Members as an organisation they would recommend to other multinationals.

If your company has over 150 employees in two or more countries, has its own in-house HR department, and has been operating for two or more years then you really cannot afford to operate without being part of the Federation. The approval process takes less than a day and for immediate access to our services we have an online credit card payment facility. Membership costs as little as €995 a year. Please check here to view the table of our membership services. Sign up now.

Why not take a short tour of our knowledge-base before joining FedEE® to see the nature and extent of the employment law, HR data and support that we offer? Please contact our Membership Secretary on to arrange for a one-to-one webinar for you and your colleagues, arranged without obligation and entirely at your own convenience.


Contact Us

Address, email, telephone numbers and on line payments so you can get in touch from anywhere around the world.


Senior Management Team

Introducing our key staff and Board Members.


Training and Events

The World’s advanced professional transnational law training course.


Clear Thinking

Most people are not taught to think and few realize that clear thinking originates in perceptions and personal identity.