Working time

Standard working time, night work, overtime, rest periods, young workers.

European Union :: Opting out of maximum working hours

Individual consent is required before an employee may be required to work beyond 48 hours per week, even if a collective agreement is in place allowing for such an extension of working time (ECJ case Pfeiffer et al C397/01 to C403/01) …

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European Union :: On-call time

According to the European Court of Justice, all periods of genuine ‘on call’ time, during which an employee is at a place determined by their employer, constitute working time (ECJ case C151/02 and joint cases C397/01 to C403/01) …

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European Union :: Traveling time

The European Court of Justice (ECJ) has held that time spent travelling to and from first and last appointments by workers without a fixed workplace should be considered part of the employee’s working time …

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European Union :: Working Time Directive

The EU’s Working Time Directive (2003/88/EC) establishes the rights for all workers in relation to rest periods, breaks, annual leave and working time …

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