FedEE Review of minimum wage rates

Many countries in Europe operate statutory or collectively determined minimum wage rates. In all but a handful of countries, these rates provide a standard of living that is close to (or even below) subsistence levels. Denmark, Finland, Italy and Sweden do not operate national minimum rates, but nevertheless have minimum rates set through sectoral collective agreements that jointly cover a high proportion of the working population. Austria set a minimum pay level in 2009, but now appears to have let it lapse. Germany operates statutory minimum rates in a number of sectors.

The International Labour Organisation establishes minimum rates for able seamen. As of December 31st 2013 the minimum monthly wage for seafarers is 585 US dollars. The minimum consolidated monthly wage, including overtime and annual paid leave is 1,028 US dollars.

Monthly gross statutory minimum wage rates:

Full-time adult employees, aged 23+ [1]

Country Minimum wage rate Currency code Date effective
Albania 21,000 lek ALL 01.01.2013
Andorra 962.00 euros EUR 01.01.2013
Austria [2] 1,000.00 euros EUR 01.01.2009
Belarus 1,660,000 Belarusian roubles BYR 01.01.2014
Belgium  1,559.38 euros EUR 01.12.2012
Bulgaria  300 leva BGN 01.01.2013
Croatia [3]  3,017.61 kunas HRK 01.01.2014
Cyprus [4] 924.00 euros EUR 01.04.2012
Czech Republic [5]  8,500 koruny CZK 01.08.2013
Estonia  355.00 euro EUR 01.01.2014
France [6]  1,445.38 euros EUR 01.01.2014
Greece [7] [8] 585.78 euros EUR 01.03.2012
Guernsey 1,126.66 pounds GGP 01.10.2013
Hungary [9] 101,500 forints HUF 01.01.2014
Iceland [10]  204,000 kronur ISK 01.02.2013
Ireland  1,499.33 euros EUR 01.07.2011
Isle of Man  1,109.33 IOM pounds IMP 01.10.2013
Jersey (Channel Islands) 1,131.87 Jersey pounds JEP 01.04.2013
Kosovo [11] 170.00 euros EUR 30.04.2011
Latvia [12]  320 euros LVL 01.01.2014
Lithuania  1,000 litai LTL 01.01.2013
Luxembourg [13] 1,921.03 euros EUR 01.10.2013
Macedonia [14] 12,268 dinars MKD 01.01.2013
Malta [15] 702.32 euros EUR 01.01.2013
Moldova 1,300.00 lei MDL 01.01.2013
Montenegro [16] 193.00 euros EUR 22.03.2013
Netherlands 1,485.65 euros EUR 01.01.2014
Poland 1,680 zlotys PLN 01.01.2014
Portugal [7] 485 euros EUR 01.01.2011
Romania [17]  850.00 Ron RON 01.01.2014
Russian Federation [18]  5,554 roubles RUB 01.01.2014
Serbia 20,010.00 new dinars RSD 01.04.2012
Slovakia 352 euros EUR 01.01.2014
Slovenia [19] [20]  783.66 net euros [18] EUR 01.01.2013
Spain [7]   645.30 euros EUR 01.01.2013
Turkey [21] 978.75 Turkish lira TRY 01.01.2013
Ukraine 1,218.00 hryvnias UAH 01.12.2013
United Kingdom 1,093.73 pounds sterling GBP 01.10.2013

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NOTES:

[1] Where official rates are expressed by the hour or week, they have been converted to monthly rates on the basis of a 40-hour week and 52-week year. Minimum wage figures are gross (pre-tax) rates and exclude any 13th or 14th month payments that may be due under national legislation, collective agreements, custom or practice.

[2] Austria: applies to certain industry sectors. Applicable to all sectors from 01.01.2009. Employees are entitled to 14 monthly payments each year.

[3] Croatia: Official Gazette 156/13.

[4] Cyprus: applicable to certain groups in non-unionised sectors after 6 months’ employment. Minimum wage upon first recruitment is 870 euros in 2014

[5] Czech Republic: rates may not include travel allowances, on-call payments and severance compensation.

[6] France: based on statutory 35-hour week.

[7] Greece, Portugal, Spain: white-collar workers only. Workers normally entitled to 14 monthly payments per year.

[8] Greece: rate applicable to over 25s. Different rates apply to blue and white-collar workers and vary by length of service and marital status. Private sector workers only. The minimum wage was cut by 22% from 751 euros pcm due to austerity measures. The minimum wage for those under 25 has been cut by 32% (currently 510 euros).

[9] Hungary: the minimum wage for skilled workers is HUF 118,000 in 2014.

[10] Iceland: The minimum pay level is established through a national collective agreement.

[11] Kosovo: rate applies to over 35s. Those under the age of 35 are entitled to a minimum wage of 130 euros per month.

[12] Latvia: rate was frozen in 2012.

[13] Luxembourg: unskilled workers only

[14] Macedonia: all sectors except textiles and leather – where lower rates exist.

[15] Malta: Higher wage rates are set by order in the following sectors: agriculture, beverages, domestic work, clay and glass work products, food manufacturing, hire cars and private buses, hospitals and buses, jewellery and watches, leather goods and shoes, papers, plastic, chemicals and petroleum, private security services, professional offices, public transport, sextons and custodians, textiles, tobacco manufacture, transport equipment, metal, woodworks and private cleaning services.

[16] Montenegro: the rate is normally adjusted on the basis of a recommendation from the Social Council.

[17] Romania: based on 170 hours per month.

[18] Russia: the monthly minimum wage in Moscow is more than twice the national rate: from January 1st 2014 it is 12,600 roubles.

[19] Slovenia: the minimum wage is defined as normal net take-home pay.

[20] Slovenia: all sectors except textiles and leather – where lower rates apply.

[21] Turkey: the rate will increase by 5% to 846 Turkish Lira in the first half of 2014.

 

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