Monthly minimum wage rates across Europe

Many countries in Europe operate statutory or collectively determined minimum wage rates. In all but a handful of countries, these rates provide a standard of living that is close to (or even below) subsistence levels. Denmark, Finland, Italy and Sweden do not operate national minimum rates, but nevertheless have minimum rates set through sectoral collective agreements that jointly cover a high proportion of the working population. Austria set a minimum pay level in 2009, but now appears to have let it lapse. Belgium does not apply a statutory rate, but does have collective minima (RMMMG) that are may be claimed as a legal right. Germany introduced a national minimum wage for the first time on January 1st 2015. Bosnia-Herzgovina has a national collective agreement that is approved by the governent and creates an effective minimum wage in the federal area.

The International Labour Organisation establishes minimum rates for able seamen. As of January 1st 2015 the minimum monthly wage for seafarers is 592 US dollars. From January 1st 2016 it is 614 US dollars. The minimum consolidated monthly wage for able seamen  — including overtime and annual paid leave — is 2,468 US dollars.

Monthly gross statutory minimum wage rates (last updated February 15th 2017):

Full-time adult employees, aged 23+ [1]

Country Minimum wage rate Currency code Date effective
Albania 22,000 leke ALL 21.01.2015
Andorra 975.87 euros EUR 01.01.2016
Austria [2] (1,000.00 euros) EUR 01.01.2009
Belarus 239 rubles 42 kopecks BYR 01.11.2016
Belgium  1,559.38 euros EUR 01.12.2012
Bulgaria 460 levs BGN 01.01.2017
Croatia  3,276 kunas HRK 01.01.2017
Cyprus [3] 924.00 euros EUR 01.04.2012
Czech Republic [4] 11,000 koruny CZK 01.01.2017
Estonia 470.00 euro EUR 01.01.2017
France [5] 1,480.27 euros EUR 01.01.2017
Germany  1,532.27 euros EUR  01.01.2017 
Greece [6] [7] 585.78 euros EUR 01.03.2012
Guernsey 1,248.00 pounds GGP 01.01.2017
Hungary [8] 127,650 forints HUF 01.01.2017
Iceland [9] 260,000 kronur ISK 01.05.2016
Ireland 1,603.03 euros EUR 01.01.2017
Isle of Man 1,213.33 IOM pounds IMP 01.01.2016
Jersey (Channel Islands) 1,244.53 Jersey pounds JEP 01.04.2017
Kosovo [10] 210.00 euros EUR 01.01.2017
Latvia 380 euros EUR 01.01.2017
Lithuania 380 euros EUR 01.07.2016
Luxembourg [11] 1998.59 euros EUR 01.01.2017
Macedonia [12] 12,000.00 dinars MKD 01.04.2017
Malta [13] 736 euros EUR 01.01.2017
Moldova 2,100 lei MDL 01.05.2016
Montenegro [14] 288.05 euros EUR            2014
Netherlands 1,537.20 euros EUR 01.01.2017
Poland 2,000 zlotys PLN 01.01.2017
Portugal [6] 557 euros EUR 01.01.2017
Romania [15] 1,450.00 leu RON 01.02.2017
Russian Federation [16] 7,800 roubles RUB 01.07.2017
Serbia 22,620 new dinars RSD 01.01.2017
Slovakia 435 euros EUR 01.01.2017
Slovenia [17] [18] 805 euros EUR 20.01.2017
Spain [6] 707.60 euros EUR 01.01.2017
Turkey  1,777.50 Turkish lira TRY 01.01.2017
Ukraine 3,200.00 hryvnias UAH 01.01.2017
United Kingdom [19] 1,299.75 pounds sterling GBP 01.04.2017

[1] Where official rates are expressed by the hour or week, they have been converted to monthly rates on the basis of a 40-hour week and 52-week year. Minimum wage figures are gross (pre-tax) rates and exclude any 13th or 14th month payments that may be due under national legislation, collective agreements, custom or practice.

[2] Austria: applies to certain industry sectors. Applicable to all sectors from 01.01.2009. Employees are entitled to 14 monthly payments each year.  The rate was announced by the government, but now appears to have lapsed. Collective agreement set industrial minima.

[3] Cyprus: applicable to certain groups in non-unionised sectors after 6 months’ employment. Minimum wage upon first recruitment is 870 euros. Rate not updated since economic crisis and some pressure for it to be reduced.

[4] Czech Republic: rates may not include travel allowances, on-call payments and severance compensation. 

[5] France: based on statutory 35-hour week.

[6] Greece, Portugal, Spain: white-collar workers only. Workers normally entitled to 14 monthly payments per year.

[7] Greece: rate applicable to over 25s. Different rates apply to blue and white collar workers and vary by length of service and marital status. Private sector workers only. The minimum wage was cut by 22% from 751 euros pcm due to austerity laws. The minimum wage for those under 25 has been cut by 32% (currently 510 euros). 

[8] Hungary: the minimum wage for skilled workers is HUF 129,000 in 2016.

[9] Iceland: the minimum pay level is established through a national collective agreement. Rate after 6 months in job.

[10] Kosovo: rate applies to under 35s. 

[11] Luxembourg: unskilled workers only. We thank the OECD for pointing out the past typo for this figure.

[12] Macedonia: Now applies to all sectors.

[13] Malta: higher wage rates are set by order in the following sectors: agriculture, beverages, domestic work, clay and glass work products, food manufacturing, hire cars and private buses, hospitals and buses, jewellery and watches, leather goods and shoes, papers, plastic, chemicals and petroleum, private security services, professional offices, public transport, sextons and custodians, textiles, tobacco manufacture, transport equipment, metal, woodwork and private cleaning services. 

[14] Montenegro: the rate is normally adjusted on the basis of a recommendation from the Social Council.

[15] Romania: based on 170 hours per month.

[16] Russia: the monthly minimum wage in Moscow is more than twice the national rate.

[17] Slovenia: the minimum wage is defined as normal net take home pay. 

[18] Slovenia: all sectors except textiles and leather – where lower rates apply.

[19]  UK: Employees aged 25 and over must be paid the new national living wage.

Disclaimer: The data provided in this document and associated printed and/or web pages is intended for guidance purposes only. No warranty is provided for its absolute accuracy and users should accept that although every effort is made to maintain information as up to date as possible some late amendments and updates will arise.

Copyright: FedEE Corporate Services Ltd. 2017/18

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