Monthly minimum wage rates across Europe

Many countries in Europe operate statutory or collectively determined minimum wage rates. In all but a handful of countries, these rates provide a standard of living that is close to (or even below) subsistence levels. Austria, Denmark, Finland, Italy and Sweden do not operate official national minimum rates, but nevertheless have minimum rates set through sectoral collective agreements that jointly cover a high proportion of the working population. Belgium does not apply a statutory rate, but does have collective minima (RMMMG) that may be claimed as a legal right – with a very complex formula to determine the applicable rate. Germany introduced a national minimum wage for the first time on January 1st 2015. Bosnia-Herzgovina has a national collective agreement that is approved by the government and creates an effective minimum wage in the federal area.

Monthly gross statutory minimum wage rates:

Full-time adult employees, aged 23+  (unless otherwise specified) [1]

Country

Minimum wage rate

Currency code

Date effective

Albania

24,000 leke

ALL

01.05.2017

Andorra [20]

1045.33 euros

EUR

01.01.2018

Austria [2]

1500 euros

EUR

by 2020

Belarus

305 rubles

BYR

01.01.2018

Belgium [21] [RMMMG]

1,622.48 euros

EUR

01.04.2018

Bulgaria [22]

560 levs

BGN

01.01.2019

Croatia [26]

3,750 kunas

HRK

01.01.2019

Cyprus [3]

924.00 euros

EUR

01.04.2012

Czech Republic [4]

12,200 koruny

CZK

01.01.2018

Estonia

540.00 euro

EUR

01.01.2019

France [5]

1,598.00 euros

EUR

01.01.2019

Germany [23]

1,592.6 euros

EUR 

01.01.2019

Greece [6] [7]

650.00 euros

EUR

01.02.2019

Guernsey (Channel Is)

1,343.33 pounds

GGP

01.01.2018

Hungary [8]

180,500 forints

HUF

01.01.2018

Iceland [9]

300,000 kronur

ISK

01.05.2018

Ireland

1,655.33 euros

EUR

01.01.2018

Isle of Man [25]

1,300.00 IOM pounds

IMP

01.06.2017

Jersey (Channel Is) [24]

1,300.00 Jersey pounds

JEP

01.04.2018

Kosovo [10]

170.00 euros

EUR

01.01.2011

Latvia

430 euros

EUR

01.01.2018

Lithuania

555 euros

EUR

01.01.2019

Luxembourg [11]

2,071.10 euros

EUR

01.01.2019

Macedonia [12]

12,000.00 dinars

MKD

01.04.2017

Malta [13]

761.63 euros

EUR

01.01.2018

Moldova

2,610 lei

MDL

01.05.2018

Montenegro [14]

288.05 euros

EUR

           2014

Netherlands [19]

1,615.80 euros

EUR

01.01.2019

Poland

2,100 zlotys

PLN

01.01.2018

Portugal [6]

600 euros

EUR

01.01.2019

Romania [15]

RON 2,080.00

RON

01.12.2018

Russian Federation

11,163 roubles

RUB

01.05.2018

Serbia

24,787 new dinars

RSD

01.01.2018

Slovakia

520 euros

EUR

01.01.2019

Slovenia [16] [17]

842.79 euros

EUR

01.01.2018

Spain [6]

900 euros

EUR

01.01.2019

Turkey [27]

2,558.00 Turkish lira

TRY

01.01.2019

Ukraine [28]

4,173.00 hryvnias

UAH

01.01.2019

United Kingdom [18]

1,357.2 pounds sterling

GBP

01.04.2018

 NOTES:

[1] Where official rates are expressed by the hour or week, they have been converted to monthly rates on the basis of a 40-hour week and 52-week year (except in France (35 hour week) and Belgium (38 hour week). Minimum wage figures are gross (pre-tax) rates and exclude any 13th or 14th month payments that may be due under national legislation, collective agreements, custom or practice. Due to the exclusion of 13th/14th month bonuses FedEE data will differ significantly from many other sources that misleadingly add these payments to normal monthly or hourly rates.

[2] Austria: There is no central minimum wage rates – but only sectoral rates determined through collective agreement.  However, the “social partners” have agreed to achieve a common national monthly minimum wage of 1500 euros by 2020. For foreign workers these are now enforced through the Law on Wage and Social Dumping (2017).

[3] Cyprus: Applicable to five specific occupations in non-unionised sectors after 6 months’ employment. Minimum wage upon first recruitment is 870 euros. Special hourly minimums exist for security guards (5.20 euros) and cleaners (4.84 euros) after 6 months.  The rate has not been fully updated since the economic crisis and many employees receive wages below the official rate.

[4] Czech Republic: Rates do not include travel allowances, on-call payments and severance compensation. 

[5] France: Based on statutory 35-hour week.

[6] Greece, Portugal, Spain: White-collar workers only. Workers normally entitled to 14 monthly payments per year.

[7] Greece: Rate applicable to over 25s. Different rates apply to blue and white collar workers and vary by length of service and marital status. Private sector workers only.

[8] Hungary: There is a higher minimum wage for skilled workers.

[9] Iceland: The minimum pay level is established through a national collective agreement. The private sector rate given is illustrative and is after 6 months in a job. In May 1 2017 it was kr. 280,000 a month.

[10] Kosovo: Rate applies to under 35s. 

[11] Luxembourg: Unskilled workers over 18 years old only. For skilled workers over 18 years-old is 2,485.32 euros. Employees aged 17-18 receive a minimum of 1656 euros and those under 17 is 1,553 euros.

[12] Macedonia: Now applies to all sectors.

[13] Malta: Higher wage rates are set by order in the following sectors: agriculture, beverages, domestic work, clay and glass work products, food manufacturing, hire cars and private buses, hospitals and buses, jewellery and watches, leather goods and shoes, papers, plastic, chemicals and petroleum, private security services, professional offices, public transport, sextons and custodians, textiles, tobacco manufacture, transport equipment, metal, woodwork and private cleaning services. 

[14] Montenegro: The rate is normally adjusted on the basis of a recommendation from the Social Council.

[15] Romania: Based on 170 hours per month. With effect from January the 1st, 2019, the rate for employees with a University degree and for those with over 15 years of seniority will be RON 2,350.

[16] Slovenia: The minimum wage is defined as “normal net take home pay”. However, this is variously defined in other ways by different bodies.

[17] Slovenia: All sectors except textiles and leather – where lower rates apply.

[18] UK: Employees aged 25 and over must be paid the national living wage of  £7.83 an hour. For those aged 21-24 the minimum wage is £7.38 an hour.

[19] Netherlands: At age 22+. Younger workers have lower minimum rates. € 372.90 per week and € 74.58 per day.

[20] Andorra: Aged 25 and over. Based on a 40-hour week.

[21] Belgium: The RMMMG adult starting rate at age 20+. This rate is the default under CTC 43 where the CO has not set a defined scale.

[22] Bulgaria: This is set in the state budget to rise to 610 levs in 2020. The minimum hourly wage is BGN 3.37.

[23] Germany: Based on 40 hours per week. The Minimum Wage Commission sets rates ever two years.

[24] Jersey (Channel Islands): The minimum wage from 1.4.2017 to 31.3.2018 was £7.18 an hour.

[25] Isle of Man: A voluntary official living wage exists of £8.61 an hour (2017).

[26] The net minimum wage is 3,000 kuna.

[27] The statutory net minimum monthly wage is 2020 Liras. The net minimum wage for a married worker with three children is 2155 liras.

[28] The minimum hourly wage is UAH 25.13.

Disclaimer: The data provided in this document and associated printed and/or web pages is intended for guidance purposes only. No warranty is provided for its absolute accuracy and users should accept that although every effort is made to maintain information as up to date as possible some late amendments and updates will arise.

Copyright: FedEE Corporate Services Ltd. 2019

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